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Volume 1 Issue 10

March 2015

African American Literature and its Quest for Freedom
Ms. G.M. Madhavi, 
Researcher, 
Department of English, 
Bharathiar University, 
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract
African Americans are the residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. In the United States, the term is generally used for Americans with at least partial Sub-Saharan African ancestry. Most African Americans are the descendants of captive Africans who survived the slavery era within the boundaries of the present United States. Slavery, reconstruction, development of the African American community, participation in the great military conflicts of the United States, racial segregation and the Civil Right Movement were some of the events and issues that were faced by African Americans. Black Americans make the single largest racial minority in the United States and form the second largest racial group after the Whites in the United States. During 20th century, non-fiction works by authors such as W. E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. This paper attempts to explore the issues of African American literature like their quest for freedom and equality which is long denied to Blacks in the United States, along with further themes such as African American culture, racism, religion and slavery. It has been done with the award winning novels and works of some great African American writers. This paper also discusses the change that had cropped up in the position of African Americans and African American literature in American society over the centuries before and after the Civil Rights Movement Era.
Keywords
African American Literature; Slavery; Civil Right Movement.
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Progressive Publishers is a novice publishing enterprise located at Tranquebar, Tamilnadu, India. It primarily publishes university text-books for efficient English language learning and an online scholarly journal entitled Literary Quest. Its primary goal is to promote progressive, secular, socialist and egalitarian thoughts among academicians, researchers and students of English literature. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Social Justice are the ideals upon which the whole enterprise rests.