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Volume 2 Issue 1

November 2015

Dalit Patriarchy in Sivakamiís The Grip of Change
Dr. S. Azariah Kirubakaran, 
Assistant Professor, 
Department of English, 
Bishop Heber College, 
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract
Sangam literature is basically the ancient literature prevalent in southern part of India particularly in Tamil region during 300 BCE to 300 CE. The corpus includes Tholkappiam, Pattupatu, Pathinenkilkanaku, Pathinenmelkanaku and the two epics Silapathikaram and Manimegalai. It refers to the political history of Chera, Chola and Pandya dynasty. It gives detailed information about the social and economic conditions of the period. Tholkappiam mentions the fivefold divisions of land with the associated occupations and the chief deity. So the life of the people depends on the land of the society. Historically all these works shed light on ancient southern Indian history predominantly their socio economic life. But voices of the Dalits were not recognized. Colonization brought many changes in the minds of front yard people and back yard people. The mainstream literature became a protest literature. They were triggered against colonialism. Customs such as child marriage, dowry and widowhood rites have their origins in the precolonial era. The origins of structures of inequality in male dominant social systems led to discrimination against Dalits and women. Dalit literature started off as Protest literature.
Keywords
Dalit Literature; Dalit Feminism; Dalit Patriarchy; The Grip of Change.
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Progressive Publishers is a novice publishing enterprise located at Tranquebar, Tamilnadu, India. It primarily publishes university text-books for efficient English language learning and an online scholarly journal entitled Literary Quest. Its primary goal is to promote progressive, secular, socialist and egalitarian thoughts among academicians, researchers and students of English literature. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Social Justice are the ideals upon which the whole enterprise rests.